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B、N掺杂对钠在石墨烯上吸附性能的影响
Effects of Boron and Nitrogen doping on Na Adsorption on Graphene
摘要点击 152  全文点击 398  投稿时间:2016-05-27  修订日期:2016-06-25
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DOI编号  
中文关键词   石墨烯  钠吸附  掺杂  第一性原理
英文关键词   graphene  Na adsorption  doping  first-principle study
基金项目   国家自然科学基金
作者单位E-mail
姚利花 山西大同大学机电工程学院 yaolihua2007@126.com 
中文摘要
    采用基于密度泛函理论的第一性原理方法,研究了本征石墨烯及缺陷石墨烯对Na原子的吸附行为。主要研究了三种石墨烯:本征石墨烯、B掺杂的石墨烯和N掺杂的石墨烯。结果表明,与本征石墨烯相比,B掺杂的石墨烯和N掺杂的石墨烯在吸附能、电荷密度、态密度和储钠量方面表现出很大的差异。B掺杂的石墨烯对Na原子的吸附能是-1.93 eV,约为本征石墨烯对Na原子吸附能的2.7倍;与本征石墨烯相比,N掺杂的石墨烯对Na原子的吸附能明显增大。态密度计算结果表明,Na原子与B掺杂的石墨烯中的B原子发生轨道杂化,而本征石墨烯和N掺杂的石墨烯中不存在轨道杂化现象。B掺杂的石墨烯对Na原子的吸附量是3个,与本征石墨烯相比显著提高。因此,B掺杂的石墨烯有望成为一种新型的储钠材料。
英文摘要
    We investigate the adsorption properties of Na atoms on graphenes using the first-principles method of density functional theory combined with the pseudopotential approximation. Three types of graphenes have been mainly considered: intrinsic graphene, B-doped graphene and N-doped graphene. The results indicate that two types of graphenes, i.e. doped with B and N to replace C atoms, exhibit prodigious differences from the intrinsic graphene in terms of the adsorption energy, charge density, density of states and Na storage capacity on graphenes. The adsorption energy of Na on B-doped graphene is -1.93 eV, which is over 2.7 times that of Na on the intrinsic graphene, while the N-doped graphene has a higher adsorption energy than the intrinsic graphene. Moreover, the orbital hybridizations can be observed in the B-doped graphene, while there is no evidence of orbital hybridization in the intrinsic or N-doped graphenes. Each B atom can adsorb up to three Na atoms, which is larger than that of intrinsic and N-doped graphenes. Therefore, B-doped graphene is expected to be novel materials for storing Na.

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