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强激光场中原子双电离动力学复杂机制分析
Analyses on complex mechanisms of strong-field nonsequential double ionization from atoms
摘要点击 168  全文点击 45  投稿时间:2016-04-13  修订日期:2016-05-05
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DOI编号  
中文关键词   超强超快激光场  再散射  非次序双电离
英文关键词   Ultra-strong and ultra-fast laser fields  Rescattering  Nonsequential double ionization
基金项目   国家自然科学基金(批准号:11274090);中央高校基础研究基金(批准号:GK201403002),国家自然科学基金
作者单位E-mail
段晓娅 陕西师范大学 物理学与信息技术学院 duanxiaoya@snnu.edu.cn 
王赏 陕西师范大学 物理学与信息技术学院  
李雁鹏 陕西师范大学 物理学与信息技术学院  
史英哲 陕西师范大学 物理学与信息技术学院  
陈彦军 陕西师范大学 物理学与信息技术学院 chenyanjun@snnu.edu.cn 
中文摘要
    通过数值求解薛定谔方程并用“抓拍”(snapshot)的方式观测两电子动量分布,我们研究了超强超快激光场中原子发生非次序双电离的不同机制。我们的模拟表明“抓拍”过程中双电离波函数的选取范围对两电子动量分布图样的特征和分布范围等都有显著的影响。图样中这种由于不同的观测范围导致的明显区别直接地影响我们对非次序双电离动力学过程的分辨。为此本文即结合经典再散射三步模型,详细分析了“抓拍”过程中双电离波函数范围的选取,并深入讨论了不同的非次序双电离机制及其对应的动量分布的特征。本文的结果将给相关的实验研究提供有益的参考。
英文摘要
    We investigate the mechanisms of nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) of atoms as exposed to ultra-strong and ultra-fast laser fields through numerical and analytical simulations. As the well-known strong field approximations have explained many phenomena about NSDI, the Coulomb and multiphoton effects are not included, which have been shown to be important in the process of NSDI. And the numerical study of the NSDI based on the time-dependent Schrodinger equation, is limited by the high-dimension simulations involved in the theoretical description of two-electron dynamics. So in this paper, we use one-dimensional two-electron model with every electron having one degree of freedom to study the NSDI. Because of the complexity of the total momentum distribution of correlated NSDI electron pairs, we use the “snapshot” method to observe the momentum distribution. Namely, at one moment, a proper range of wave function is selected and Fourier transform of the selected wave function produces the momentum distribution of correlated electron pairs. We find that the range of the selected wave function has significant influences on the shape of the two-electron momentum distribution, and hence on analyzing and studying the NSDI. On the basis of classical three-step model, we analyze the dynamics of correlated electron pairs in NSDI and find the applicable range of the selected wave function to observe two-electron momentum distribution. We analyze the dynamics of different NSDI mechanisms in detail, including the ionization of recollion-induced doubly excited states, the recollion-excitation with subsequent field ionization and the simultaneous emission upon rescattering. Then we show the typical characteristics of two-electron momentum distribution of different NSDI mechanisms, which give suggestions on experimental study of NSDI.

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